When was Israel Created?

Creation of Israel, 1948. On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day
First World War
Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the British assumed control of Palestine. In November 1917, the British government issued the Balfour Declaration, announcing its intention to facilitate the “establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.” In 1922, the League of Nations granted Britain a mandate over Palestine which included, among other things, provisions calling for the establishment of a Jewish homeland, facilitating Jewish immigration and encouraging Jewish settlement on the land.
The Arabs were opposed to Jewish immigration to Palestine and stepped up their attacks against the Jews. Following an increase in Arab attacks, the British appointed a royal commission in 1936 to investigate the Palestine situation. The Peel Commission recommended the partition of the country between Arabs and Jews. The Arabs rejected the idea while the Jews accepted the principle of partition.

Second World War
At the end of World War II, the British persisted in their immigration restrictions and Jewish survivors of the Holocaust were violently turned away from the shores of Palestine. The Jewish Agency and the Hagenah continued to smuggle Jews into Palestine. Underground cells of Jews, most notably the Irgun and Lehi, engaged in open warfare against the British and their installations.
The British concluded that they could no longer manage Palestine and handed the issue over to the United Nations. On November 29, 1947, after much debate and discussion, the UN recommended the partition of Palestine into two states ¬ one Jewish and one Arab. The Jews accepted the UN resolution while the Arabs rejected.

Modern Israel
Immediately following the declaration of the new state, both superpower leaders, U.S. President Harry S. Truman and Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin, recognized the new state. The Arab League members Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq refused to accept the UN partition plan and proclaimed the right of self-determination for the Arabs across the whole Palestine.
On 29 May 1948, the British initiated United Nations Security Council Resolution 50 declaring an arms embargo on the region. Czechoslovakia violated the resolution by supplying Jewish state with critical military hardware. On 11 June, a month-long UN truce was put into effect.

Israel Nuclear Weapons

About Israel’s Military Power
Israel possesses advanced conventional military capabilities and has for decades maintained a policy of opacity regarding its Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD) programs. While experts generally agree that Israel possesses nuclear weapons, no such current open source consensus exists on the status of Israel’s offensive chemical or biological weapons programs. Israel also possesses a sizable arsenal of short and medium range ballistics and cruise missiles and is working towards a multi-layered and comprehensive missile defense capability.
Possesses Nuclear Weapons or Not?
Israel is widely believed to possess nuclear weapons, with its first deliverable nuclear weapon allegedly created in December 1966; That would make it sixth country in the world to have developed them. However, Israel has never officially denied nor accepted to having nuclear weapons, instead repeating over the years that is would not be the first country to introduce nuclear weapons to the Middle East. Israel has also refused to sign the Treaty on the Non-proliferation Nuclear Weapons(NPT) despite international pressure to do so, saying that would be contrary to its national security interests.
David Ben Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister, clandestinely established the nuclear weapons program in the mid to late 1950s with French assistant, to meet what Israel viewed as an existential threat from its Arab neighbors. The program is centered at the Nagev Nuclear Center (Hebrew acronym, KAMAG) outside the town of Dimona, where a French-supplied polonium production reactor went criticalin the early 1960s. Israel reportedly assembled its first rudimentary nuclear devices in late May 1967 in the run-up to the “Six-Day War”. Based on some rough estimates of the plutonium production capacity of the Dimona reactor.
Israel is not a party to any of the major treaties governing Weapon of Mass Destruction(WMD) nonproliferation, including the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons(NPT), the Missile Technology Control Regime(MTCR), and the biological and Toxin Weapons Convention(BTWS). It has signed, but not rarified, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty(CTBT) and the Chemical Weapons Convention(CWC). However, Israel is considered a “unilateral adherent” to the MTCR and has recently adopted national export control regulations on chemical and biological material consistent with Australia Group Standards.
Latest Reviews Related to Nuclear Weapons of Israel
According to a 2014 report by the Federation of American Scientists, however the Jewish state is believed to possess between 80 and 400 nuclear weapons, though that document’s authors estimated the figure was closer to 80.

Israeli Palestinian Conflict

The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.
An early United Nations plan to give each group part of the land failed, an Israel and the surrounding Arab nations fought several wars over the territory. Today’s lines largely reflect the outcomes of two of these wars, waged in 1948 and 1967.

Zionism,
In the late 1800s a group in Europe decided to colonize this land. Known as Zionists, they represented an extremist minority of the Jewish population. Their goal was to create a Jewish homeland. Hitler’s rise to power, combined with Zionist activities to sabotage efforts to place Jewish refugees in western countries, led to increased Jewish immigration to Palestine, and conflict grew.

UN Partition Plan,
In 1947 the United Nations decided to intervene. Under considerable Zionist pressure, the UN recommended giving away 55% of Palestine to a Jewish state despite the fact that this group represented only about 30% of the total population, and owned under 7% of the land.

Conclusion of 1947-1949 War
By the end of the war, Israel had conquered 78 percent of Palestine; three-quarters of a million Palestinians had been made refugees; over 500 towns and villages had been obliterated. For decades Israel denied the existence of this population, former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir once saying: “There were no such thing as Palestinians.”

1967 War and USS Liberty
Israel conquered still more land. Following the “Six Day War,” Israel occupied the final 22% of Palestine that had eluded it in 1948 the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Since, according to international law it is inadmissible to acquire territory by war, these are occupied territories and do not belong to Israel. It also occupied parts of Egypt and Syria.

Current Conflict
There are two primary issues at the core of this continuing conflict. First, there is the inevitably destabilizing effect of trying to maintain an ethnically preferential state, particularly when it is largely of foreign origin.
Second, Israel’s continued military occupation and confiscation of privately owned land in the West Bank, and control over Gaza, are extremely oppressive, with Palestinians having minimal control over their lives.
According to the Oslo peace accords of 1993, these territories were supposed to become finally a Palestinian state. However, after years of Israel continuing to confiscate land and conditions steadily worsening, the Palestinian population rebelled.